Efficient Resource Utilization in HPC Clusters

In the year 2020, Deloitte’s Digital Transformation survey found that a lot of companies have started to embrace digital tools to scale up their businesses. The survey highlighted that by applying digital pivots broadly and making it an inherent part of the business operations helps maximizing profits. Hence, the companies are adopting High Performance Computing as it could process data and perform difficult calculations at faster speeds that old generation computing systems are not equipped with.

For glitch free function, Super computers and clusters are specifically designed to support these HPC’s to compute huge data. Therefore, HPC applications are made up of a large collection of highly intensive tasks that are required to process data in a short span of time. For this vital and compatible resources are required to be used.

Primarily an HPC application is made up of different types of resources like computing, storage, and network resources. The computing resources only execute computation and it cannot facilitate storage facilities. The storage resources provide data storage capabilities. The network resources offer communication facilities and execute transferring of information from one resource to another resource. The resource application instrument is developed by considering resource-type configuration, one of such examples is the data-intensive application that participates in both computing and storage resources.

A highly efficient resource allocation system plays a very important role in developing applications on HPC resources to get the optimal level of service. Often real time service resources are used for the HPC clusters that are time bound. RA schemes for HPCs are designed keeping in mind various designs that are (static, dynamic, centralized, or distributed) and quality of service namely cost efficiency, minimizing the completion time, energy efficiency and optimal memory utilization. There are multiple such RA schemes that are used real-time in various high performing distributed and non-distributed networks.

Further these resources are compartmentalized and are compared on the basis of numerous guidelines such as application type, operational environment, optimization goal, architecture, system size, resource type, optimality, simulation tool, comparison technique, and input data. Then the best possible ones are utilized to support the HPC clusters and applications.

The above stated examples are generally beneficial for utilizing the on-perm resources functions. As the companies are progressing HPC applications are also utilizing the cloud-based resources. By using this platform, a lot of companies make huge computable resources available to companies on pay as you use basis. These resources can then be configured on usage needs of the enterprise. Though the current market isn’t huge for availing such resources on a huge capacity. But with the rising requirement of these resources these services are gaining traction in commercial space in Web development/hosting. This model can provide savings on ownership, operation, and maintenance costs, and thus is an attractive solution for people who currently invest millions annually on high performance computing (HPC) platforms in order to sustain large-scale scientific simulation codes.

While providing the acceptable resources (bandwidth, latency, memory, etc.) for the HPC community, it would increase the potential to enable HPC in cloud environments, this is able to not address the necessity for scalability and reliability which is vital to HPC applications. Providing for these requirements is particularly difficult in commercially on cloud, where the number of virtual resources can far outdo the number of physical resources, the resources are shared by many users, and the resources can be varied.

Advanced resource monitoring, analysis, and configuration tools can help solve these issues, as they bring the ability to dynamically provide and respond to queries about the platform and application state and would enable more appropriate, efficient, and flexible use of the resources key to enabling HPC. Additionally, such tools could be of benefit to non-HPC cloud providers, users, and applications by providing more efficient resource utilization in general.

Thus, resource allocation in different HPC domains is covered comprehensively, but still many opportunities exist for upcoming innovations. For example, how to scale resource allocation efficiently to accommodate big data applications with diverse workloads and operating system requirements demanding hyper-intensive and powerful distributed resources.

Tyrone’s rendering clusters are flexible, scalable, and cost effective solutions. What makes our solution unique is that our rendering clusters are supported by high performance, high-availability storage solutions in the back-end that are optimized for data bandwidth and can scale from a few gigabytes to more than a petabyte.

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